Bruce Gregory

Bruce Gregory

Professorial Lecturer
Address: School of Media and Public Affairs
805 21st Street NW
Washington, DC, 20052
Phone: 202-994-6350
Fax: 202-994-5806

Areas of Expertise

Public diplomacy, strategic communication, media and national security, national security strategy and process, U.S. international broadcasting


Bruce Gregory is an adjunct professor at George Washington University's School of Media and Public Affairs and Elliott School of International Affairs, where he teaches courses on public diplomacy, media, and foreign affairs. He was director of the University's Public Diplomacy Institute from 2005-2008. He is also an adjunct professor at Georgetown University, where he teaches a course on public diplomacy in the Master of Foreign Service Program.
He was a visiting professor at the U.S. Naval War College from 2008-2011, where he taught courses on strategic communication, and at the National Defense University from 1998-2001 where he taught courses on information, media, and national security at the National War College. From 1985-1998, he was executive director of the U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy. Prior to retiring after 34 years of government service, he served as coordinator on the Department of State's Response to Terrorism Coalition Working Group on Public Diplomacy and as the State Department's executive secretary on the Defense Science Board's 2001 Task Force on Managed Information Dissemination.
Gregory was a member of the Defense Science Board's 2007 and 2004 Task Force studies on Strategic Communication and the Council on Foreign Relations Task Force on Public Diplomacy in 2002.  He serves on the board of the Walter R. Roberts Endowment and is a member of the Washington Institute of Foreign Affairs and the Public Diplomacy Council. He was the Council's executive director from 2001-2004.

He has also taught public diplomacy at American University's School of International Service and lectured at the Department of State's Foreign Service Institute, the University of Pennsylvania's Annenberg School for Communication, Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government, the National Defense Intelligence College, and the National Defense University's Information Management Resources College and Industrial College of the Armed Forces.

He is a recipient of the Department of State's Superior Honor Award and was an American Political Science Association Congressional Fellow.

Gregory compiles Diplomacy's Public Dimension: Books, Articles, and Websites, a periodic list of reference materials for teachers and students on public diplomacy and related topics. A complete archive is maintained at GW's Institute for Public Diplomacy and Global Communication website. He is also an adjunct professor at Georgetown University.

Gregory’s current research is on the roles of diplomats, embassies, and foreign ministries in whole of government diplomacy, and whether public diplomacy should be treated as a subset of diplomatic practice.  He is writing a book on boundaries, beginnings, and patterns in US public diplomacy.


M.A., International Relations, American University, 1967
B.A., History, Barrington College, 1963


Bruce Gregory, “Mapping Boundaries in Diplomacy’s Public Dimension,” The Hague Journal of Diplomacy, Volume 11, Issue 1 (2016), published online October 2015.
Bruce Gregory, “The Paradox of US Public Diplomacy: Its Rise and ‘Demise,'" a Report for the Institute of Public Diplomacy and Global Communication, George Washington University, February 2014, updated May 2014.
Ellen Huijgh, Bruce Gregory, and Jan Melissen, "Public Diplomacy," in Oxford Bibliographies in International Relations, David Armstrong, ed., (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013). 
Bruce Gregory, "Hidden in Plain Sight: Implications of the 2012 US Presidential Campaign for American ('Public') Diplomacy," Paper presented at the International Studies Association conference, San Francisco, April 2013.

Bruce Gregory, "Entrevista con Bruce Gregory, Profesor Adjunto en la George Washington University's Institute for Public Diplomacy & Global Communication y en la Georgetown University's Master of Communication Program," El Molinillo, March 2013, 16-21. Interview and translation: Teresa La Porte and Joyce Baptista, Universidad de Navarra.

Bruce Gregory, "American Public Diplomacy: Enduring Characteristics, Elusive Transformation," The Hague Journal of Diplomacy, 6 (2011), 351-372. 

Bruce Gregory, "Mapping Smart Power in Multi-stakeholder Public Diplomacy / Strategic Communication," Opening remarks at the Institute for Public Diplomacy and Global Communication's forum on New Approaches to Global Outreach, George Washington University, Washington, DC, October 5, 2009.

Bruce Gregory, "Public Diplomacy and National Security: Lessons From the U.S. Experience," Small Wars Journal, posted by SWJ editors, August 14, 2008. 

"Public Diplomacy and Governance: Challenges for Scholars and Practitioners," in Andrew F. Cooper, Brian Hocking, and William Maley, eds., Global Governance and Diplomacy: Worlds Apart? (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008).

"Public Diplomacy and Counterterrorism: Lessons from the U.S. Experience," remarks at a Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs Seminar on Counterterrorism, Geneva, Switzerland, April 28-29, 2008.

Bruce Gregory, “Public Diplomacy: Sunrise of an Academic Field,” pp. 274-290, in Geoffrey Cowan and Nicholas J. Cull, eds., Public Diplomacy in a Changing World, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 616, March 2008.

"Public Diplomacy as Strategic Communication," Chapter 17, 336-357 in James. J.F. Forest, ed., Countering Terrorism and Insurgency in the 21st Century, vol. 1 (Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 2007). 

"Upgrading Public Diplomacy's Tools - New Challenges, Old Realities," remarks at a NATO Public Diplomacy Workshop, Brussels, Belgium, July 2-3, 2007.

"Discourse Norms in Public Diplomacy: Necessary and Artificial Fault Lines," remarks at a panel on Ethics in Public Diplomacy, Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC) 2006 Convention, San Francisco, August 5, 2006.

"Now That It's Part of a Global Conversation, Should We Keep the Term Public Diplomacy?" paper presented at the Centre for International Governance Conference on Worlds Apart? Exploring the Interface Between Governance and Diplomacy, Wilton Park, UK, June 25, 2006.

"Not Your Grandparents Public Diplomacy," remarks at a public diplomacy retreat for Canadian diplomats, Department of Foreign Affairs, Ottawa, November 30, 2005.

"Public Diplomacy and Strategic Communication: Cultures, Firewalls, and Imported Norms," paper presented at the American Political Science Association Conference on International Communication and Conflict, Washington, DC, August 31, 2005.

Classes Taught

SMPA 140, Media and Foreign Policy
SMPA 190, Information, Media, and National Security
SMPA 210, Media and International Relations
SMPA 270, Graduate Seminar on Public Diplomacy
IAFF 6118, Public Diplomacy
IAFF 6208, Communication in Modern Diplomacy